Pakistan were on course to end their 15-year wait for a Test victory over Australia after just one day of the second Test at Headingley after they bowled out Ricky Ponting's side for just 88.
Pakistan's swing bowlers revelled in the early overcast conditions in Yorkshire after Ponting won the toss and chose to bat, to dismiss Australia for their second-lowest total against their sub-continental rivals.
The Pakistani batsmen then belied Australia's earlier struggles as they reached stumps on 148 for three, to give them a 60-run lead and an already vice-like grip on the game.
Pakistan have lost their past 13 Test matches against Australia with their most recent success almost long-lost in the memory when they won in Sydney in 1995.
Their hopes of ending that losing sequence seemed remote heading to Leeds this week after they were beaten by 150 runs in the first Test at Lord's, following which Shahid Afridi announced his shock retirement from the five-day game.
But under new captain Salman Butt a rare success against Australia was set up by his bowlers with 18-year-old left-armer Mohammad Aamer and Mohammad Asif claiming three wickets apiece, while Umar Gul chipped in with two as Australia's batsmen completely failed to deal with their threat.
Australia lost six wickets before lunch - four of them lbw - with Aamer and Asif sharing the wickets of openers Simon Katich and Shane Watson when they pinned both in front with swinging deliveries with the score on 20.
The collapse continued immediately after the lunch break when Aamer took two wickets from the first two balls of the session. Steven Smith played across the line to an inswinger and was bowled, before Mitchell Johnson had his off stump knocked back after also failing to play straight.
Ben Hilfenhaus was needlessly run out soon after going for a third run before Tim Paine was caught behind off Asif attempting to hit out.
Australia were in need of quick wickets, but their bowling proved far less threatening than their Pakistan counterparts as they failed to find the same degree of swing. Shane Watson claimed two wickets but the day belonged to Pakistan.